cartooning machine

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A cartooning machine, sometimes called a cartoner for short, is a type of packaging machine. Its sole purpose is to form cartons. Have you ever seen a milk carton? If you look at the average milk carton in the grocery store, a cartooning machine probably made it. A cartooning machine forms cartons that stand up straight, close, are folded, side-seamed, and then, ultimately, sealed.






Cartoning machines can be sub-divided into two basic types:


Vertical cartooning machines



Horizontal cartooning machines






A carton machine will pick up a single piece from a stack of fold carton and then get it to stand up straight, or erect. The machine will fill it with a product or a number of products horizontally through an end that is open, and then close it by tucking an end flap of the carton or putting on glue or adhesive. It is not that hard to understand, but for those who aren’t involved in the cartoning field, it can be a little tricky to understand if they haven’t seen one first-hand in action. The product can be pushed into the carton with either pressurized air or with a mechanical sleeve. Technology is always changing, and newer, better, and more economical ways of doing the same job are always coming out. However, for a number of applications, the products are inserted into the carton by hand. A cartoning machine is often used for packaging sundry goods, cosmetics, confectionary, foodstuffs, etc.






A cartoning machine which produces a folded carton, fills it up with a product or several products vertically through an end that is open, and then closes it by tucking in the end flap and applying glue or adhesive, is called an end-load vertical cartoning machine. Cartoning machines are used on a regular basis for packaging medicine, confectionary, cosmetics, etc.






Except for cartoning machine including Automatic Cartoning Machine, Packaging Production Line Machine and so on, the packaging machine is also a popular one.    



Packaging Machine is a device designed for the assembly of unit loads from individual items. Usually a part of automated assembly lines, packaging machines are the final step in the manufacturing process and the first step in the transportation process. They may be automatic or semiautomatic and can handle materials packaged in rigid, semirigid, or soft containers and materials not packaged in containers, such as metal castings, sheet metal, rolled metal sections, and lumber. The machines can be set up to handle items of a given standard size or items within the same range of standard sizes, with the necessary adjustments being made either manually or automatically. They can be used to make up unit loads on auxiliary devices, such as pallets or skids. There are machines that only assemble loads, and there are machines that both assemble and break up loads.






There is great variety in the design of packaging machines. Among the factors that influence design are the specific features of the manufacturing process and the properties and dimensions of the goods. The unit load consists of a stack of individual items that have been collected in sequence in accordance with the load-sorting plan, which determines the relative positions of the items. Further development of the design of packaging machines has been based on matching the dimensions of packaging materials to those of the as-yet-unpackaged goods and on considerations of the size, shape, and weight of the unit loads. Such standardization makes it possible to select the optimal industrial methods for machine packaging, which is, in turn, a prerequisite for the design of unified and universal packaging machines. The first packaging machines appeared in the USSR and abroad during the 1940's.






Packaging machines are used for the assembly of unit loads from sheet goods, from bulk goods in sacks, and from individual items in the metallurgical, printing, and wood-products industries. Such machines may be designed to assemble unit loads horizontally, vertically, or in a manner that combines horizontal and vertical operations. In machines designed for horizontal operation, the goods from the conveyor belt, guided by the distributor in accordance with the work plan, are conveyed into the collector. There the goods form a layer, which is moved by the carriage of a twin-chain conveyor to the flaps of the stacking device. The flaps are then opened, the layer of goods is lowered onto the pallet, and the stacking device is readied to receive the next layer. After the last layer is stacked, the load proceeds to the delivery conveyor and from there to the exit conveyor. The distributor makes it possible to carry out sequential sorting of items of various standard sizes according to a variety of programs by making the required adjustments in the control system.






What's more, there are some other machine may used in the production. For example, there are Automatic Strapping Machine, Paper Box Machine, Paper Cup Machines, etc.

Automatic Cartoning Machine

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For a SBR Rail and Block or a TBR Rail and Block, there are many linear materials may be needed. Linear bearings are definitely one of them.






Linear bearings generally use a pad, bushing, or roller system to carry a load on a rail that need not be a straight line. The rail can be most any length, although that dimension is limited by the actuator.






The durability of the bearing is determined by the load and required speed. Furthermore, rails can generally be any profile – simple flat surfaces, round polished rods, or complex profiles with polished ground surfaces on which balls or cylindrical rollers can ride. Hard (Rockwell 60) and ground bearing surfaces work best.






Further classifications might be by size. For instance, miniature linear bearings might work well moving a biologic slide sample just a few millimeters beneath a microscope lens while industrial-bearings on injection molding machines carry tooling of several tons.






Bushings provide possibly the simplest linear bearing. These thin-walled cylinders can be injection molded of proprietary polymers infused with a lubricant. An oil-infused bronze design, also cylindrical, rides on a polished round rod. This linear-bearing classification is often referred to as slides.






Purpose-built linear bearings are available for frequently encountered tasks, such as pull-out equipment drawers or storable work surfaces. These usually light-duty devices let polymer wheels or ball bearings ride on stamped or rolled steel rails. Telescoping arrangements allow designing pull-out equipment drawers into cantilevered positions while supporting up to 50 lb or more for maintenance.






Except for linear bearings, many linear materials are also required such as Linear Guide, Linear Stage, Linear Shaft, Miniature Linear Rail, Linear Block, etc. Also, some other bearings are worth mentioning like rod end bearing and needle roller bearing.






A rod end bearing is a common type of mechanical joint used on the ends of control rods. The steering columns in most cars, trucks and other vehicles, for example, feature tie rods with a rod end bearing. Of course, tie rods are designed to connect a vehicle's steering rack to its steering knuckle. As a result, tie rods must be able to rotate according to the direction in which the wheel is turned. Rod end bearings allow tie rods to perform this rotation in a precise and controlled manner.






Also known as a heim joint in the United States or a rose joint in the United Kingdom, a rod end bearing is a mechanical joint that features a rounded ball-like swiveling tip. They were invented in Germany during the 1930s to 40s for use in aircraft control systems. This promoted a company called H.G. Heim Company to patent and produce its own rod end bearings in North America, which is why the mechanical joint now has the moniker "heim joint."






H.G. Heim Company has since closed its doors for business, but rod end bearings are still produced and used throughout the world. Automotive tie rods are just way in which rod end bearings are used. They are used in countless other applications in which an articulating joint is needed, including aircraft control systems, steering links, track rollers and more.
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